北京天道留学名师解析GMAT考试平行结构语法送分题!

时间:2021-09-19 作者:平行结构

平行结构在GMAT语法单项中是非常常见的考点,当然有些同学也认为是送分题,但是实际上真的有那么简单吗?

请同学们在心里思考这样一个问题:平行结构考点中是否形式一致就可以了呢?

在这里,老师可以明确的回答大家,当然不可以,如果可以,每个人都是700+了有没有!

那接下来,老师就详细来说平行结构做题的三大原则以及平行的相对性:

原则一:概念对等 A) 抽象名词不能对具体名词slowing growth or dam**ing forest×

B)动作名词不能对纯名词assignment or staff×

C).整体名词不能对个体概念no money or staff members×

D).泛指不能对特指less lending and the increased pressure×

E).大的层次和小的层次不能平行I studied GMAT very hard, and studied sentencecorrection, critical reasoning and reading comprehension. ×

原则二:功能对等 定语从句不能与状语从句并列,WHAT从句不能与HOW从句并列。×

动作和结果不能并列。×

原则三:形式对等

*平行中相对性原则尤其要引起注意:

动名词和名词在特殊情况下可以平行

我们 可以把动名词分为两类来讨论:

a.简单的动名词: Tracking satellites accurately is important for the space **ency. 上面的例子中Tracking satellites accurately 可以被something 替换,这种动名词际上是将动词放在中间,而整体作为一个名词。

b.复合动名词: The accurate tracking of satellites is important for the space **ency. 这种形式下,动名词被完全包含在名词词组中,通常前面有?词或 形容词,或者of 的结构中,如:the running of marathons ,marathon running 。 对于这两种动句词来说,无法相互平行,而且只有复合动名词才能 与名词相平行。

例句:

Opened in 1869, the Transcontinental Railroad had immediate and far-reaching effects on American, including a population explosion in the West, the decline of Native Americans, joining of East Coast culture and Western convention, and cultivation of thousands of acres of new farm land. ×

Opened in 1869, the Transcontinental Railroad had immediate and far-reaching effects on American, including a population explosion in the West, the decline of Native Americans, the joining of East Coast culture and Western convention, and cultivation of thousands of acres of new farm land.√

现在分词&过去分词在特殊情况下可以平行

因为有些词无法表示被动的含义,也就是说没有过去分词形式!

最后留给大家一个思考题:

First discovered more than 30 years **o, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch,bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A found inthe Philippines and that resembles

B found inthe Philippines and that, resembling

C found inthe Philippines and resembling

D that isfound in the Philippines and it resembles

E that isfound in the Philippines and that, resembling

解析和答案稍后会在评论中给出

本文作者:何平老师

BEC高级,7年教学经验

主张让学生在快乐中学习

能根据不同学生的薄弱点

进行针对性提高

并能帮助学生克服心理障碍

帮助学生快速提分

名词 动名词 that 分词 Opened
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